The Ecological Parasitology Laboratory was established under the leadership of academician S.Asadov In 1945in the Zoological Institute.
"Ecosystems of helminths" laboratories (founded by professor Ismayil Alakbar oglu Sadigov) was created in 1974 but "Water animals parasites" in 1971 (founded by doctor of biological sciences, professor Mikayilov Tofig Karrar).
In 2013, "Helmint Ecology" and "Helmint Systematics and Biology" laboratories were merged under the name of "Helmintology" laboratory.
On the 15th of February, 2017, "Aquaculture Parasites" and "Helmintology" laboratories were merged under the name of "Parasitology".
Doctor of biological sciences Manafov Asif Abbas leads currently the laboratory. There are 20 employees, including 1 leading scientific worker, 7 senior research workers, one senior scientific worker, 4 scientific workers, 3 senior research workers, 4 senior lobbyists and one laboratory assistant in the laboratory.
• Variety, distribution, origin and formation of parasites species;
• Micromorphology, ultrastructure, histochemical parameters, dynamics of parasites; biology and individual development of parasites;
• Vulnerability of parasitic infections, seasonal, environmental factors, depending on the population and age structure;
• Comparative-ecological analysis of parasitic fauna of water animals;
• Biochemical bases of parasitic-bond relations;
• Epizootological and epidemiological importance of parasites from various systematic groups;
• Influence of anthelmintic preparations on parasites;
• Diagnosis, prevention and treatment of parasitic diseases of fish;
• Identification of species of mammals, reptiles, birds and plants helminthes, their bioecological features, distribution of landscape-ecological zones, ways of helminthic fauna formation, identification of epidemiological and epizootic importance of helminthes and preparation of preventive measures against them, development of major helminthes, discovering natural warmth.
The organization of laboratories "Waterborne parasites" has contributed the creation of a great deal of opportunities for the complex application of the parasitic fauna of the various watercourses of the republic, including fish, water, reptiles, birds and a number of mammals. The first complex researches were carried out in the Noghshchlak reservoir of Gabala region, and then continued at the Devechi port of the Middle Hazar, Gulf of the Little Red Crescent, the Ashyg-Bayramli water reservoir and the Middle Kur. At the same time, the parasitic fauna of the Lankaran natural region, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, the North-East Azerbaijan and the Absheron peninsula, Mingachevir, Varvara, Yenikend and Shamkir reservoirs and invertebrate animals were firstly investigated in Azerbaijan and the electron microscopic research methods firstly in the world. As a result, new scientific information on the composition, micro-morphological structure and their interaction with the owners of the aquatic parasites was obtained in the territory of the republic. 371 types of parasites belonging to various classification groups have been studied, based on the study of the species, phosphorus, echocogeny, fauna origin and fossilization of the Caspian Sea fish parasites. Ecological, zoogeographical and epizootic analysis of parasites has been carried out in the Azerbaijani internal water basins, especially in the waters of the Kur River basin and in the coastal zone of the Caspian Sea. Two new breeds and 26 new species have been identified for science. Specific features of parasitic fauna of fish species acclimatized to water basins of our Republic were investigated; Morphological and ecological study of helminthes fauna of fish-eating birds has been carried out in some water basins; The biochemical bases of mutual relations between sturgeon and their specific parasites were studied; In the artificial lake-fishing farms, the possibility of using plant mixtures along with medicines has been investigated in the fight against parasitic diseases of fish; A complex zooparasitological and populations-ecological study of trematod fauna of Mollusks spreading in freshwater basins of Azerbaijan has been realized and these invertebrates have been identified as the first intermediate owner of about 200 trematodes in the country. The unique trematode fauna has firstly been found in Melanopsis praemorsa L. 1758 molluscs, as the object of complex parasitological research on the territory of Azerbaijan, hasn’t ever found anywhere in the world and in any other owner. Micromorphological images and corresponding morphological descriptions of 33 species of cercarine mentioned firstly for the science are developed and filed by these mollusks; Systematic diagnostics of trematodes found on the territory of the Republic have been held, propagation properties of the species having serious practical significance have been characterized, species composition of owners complex taking a part on preservation of trematodosis centers created by them, their propagation properties, their place and role in ecosystems (Exinoxasmosis, Methaconimosis, Heterophysius, Haplorxose, Opisthorhose, Chistosomosis) has been analyzed; The influence of anthropogenic interference on ecosystems on the type of parasites has been studied. The fauna, morphology, biology and ecology as well as evolution features of the primitive blood parasites of water vertebrates (fishes, amphibians and reptiles) have also been studied. Parasitic diseases spread in fishing farms of Azerbaijan and seriously damaging fisheries have been identified and their dependence on various factors has been determined; The species composition of microsporids, their interacts with owners, effects on dynamics, geographical and seasonal dissemination have been investigated in mosquito larvae. More than 800 scientific articles and 15 monographs were published on the base of the researches held in the Laboratory for over 40 years, 8 scientific doctors and 27 Ph.D. have defended their dissertation in order to obtain a scientific degree. The taxonomy and populations ecology of parasites, as well as the role of intermediate owners in spreading of helminthic fauna, ecology of helminth infections, reptiles, wild mammals (hornbeam, rodents, wild and cattle), large and small horned animals and plants, biotic and abiotic the effects of helminths on adult and larval stage, the biology of Taenia hydatigena, T. pisiformis, Echinococcus granulosus, Trichinella spiralis, Trichocephalus leporis, Tr. The myocastoris, Tr.ovis species, the effects of different abiotic factors on their developmental stages have been studied by natural and laboratory experiments, and morphological changes of the 6th families of Echinostomatidae species have been studied in biocenoses of different regions of Azerbaijan. 70 types of helminthes belonging to trematode, cestode, acanthosefal and nematode classes have firstly been found in rodents. 2 species are new for Caucasian fauna and 9 species for the fauna of Azerbaijan among them. For the first time in Azerbaijan, 19 species of ticks have been identified intermittently by parasitic monies that are parasitic to animals. For the first time, species of Centrorhynchus itatsinis, Taenia servi, T.laticollis, Plagiorchis elegans, Pharyngostomum cordatum, Euparyphium melis, Diplopylidium scryabini and Rictularia affinis have been found for 26 species of helminthes found in wild and populous animals. The species of Centrorhynchus itatsinis, Taenia servi, T.laticollis, Plagiorchis elegans, Pharyngostomum cordatum, Euparyphium melis, Diplopylidium scryabini and Rictularia affinis have firstly been found among 26 species of helminthes found in wild and populous animals. A new owner for 7 types of helminthes has been identified for the first time. Anguina agrostis, A.graminis, A.poophila, have firstly been noted for Azerbaijan fauna among 25 species of phytohellmint found in wild cereals. The variability of the morphological features of the species belonging to the type M.pseudoechinatus of 11 bird species was studied. The found stable symptoms, the destination of species belonging to the Mesorchis species is offered for practical use in the in research institutes according to the specialty. For the first time, the species variety of reptiles has been studied and new species have been discovered. The natural and sinanthropic adjuvants of traffickers such as fascioliasis, paramfistomatosis, dystrophy, anoplosephalyatosis, exogenococcosis, alveuxoccosis, trihinellyosis, ureenolepidiosis, senurosis, dipilidiosis, toxocarosis, dirofiliaosis and so on among the main helminthiasis having serious risk for human and domestic pandemic have been detected and preventive measures have been developed in order to prevent their spreading.