History of the Institute

The relief, climate conditions, soil and plant cover diversity of Azerbaijan Republic has caused the formation of its unique wildlife. Study of the rich wildlife of our republic has more than two century’s history. Azerbaijan fauna has been studied just by foreign scientist till the beginning of XX century. S.Gmelin (1870-1930), G.Radde (1867-1889), G.Ber (1877-1875) and other naturalist scientists have regularly visited our country and described some new animal species.

Azerbaijan has no its national scientific personnel and special organizations holding systemized zoological researches, that’s why wildlife study, agricultural, medical and veterinary researches were performed in small stations and laboratories. Fauna of some Azerbaijani governors was partly researched at Caucasus museum established in Tbilisi in 1867, the role of some rodents, locust and other insects in agriculture was identified. Zurnabad sting fight station (near Ganja city) was established in 1902 , Baku arbitrary station in 1912, Baku temporary entomology cabinet in 1909, Yelizavetpol – Zagatala temporary entomology cabinet in 1916, Baku-Daghistan plant protection office in 1916, zoology department in Azerbaijan State University in 1920. The comprehensive, planable, systemized research of Azerbaijan wildlife was possible only after the establishment of wide network of scientific enterprises and higher education institutions serving this purpose. Zoology department consisting of land and water fauna has been established within the Azerbaijani branch of USSR SA Transcaucasia in 1932. The mammals, birds, reptiles, land-dwelling animals, invertebrates (except furrows), zoogeography of land fauna, killer freaks, ginseng ecology, parasitic worms, soil nematodes, vegetables and melon pests, Gizilaghaj and Zagatala reserves fauna has been studying in land fauna section under the guidance of professor B.Yelpatyevski (1932-1938) (A.Bogachov, 1933-1953; A.Argiropula, 1933-1939). And the researches have been holding in water fauna section on the Caspian Sea fishes, higher cancers, collector water and biology of irrigation systems and hydrobiology of the internal water basins of Azerbaijan (rivers, lakes etc.) (A.Derjavin, 1933-1938; A.Alizada, 1933- 1949 etc.).

Azerbaijan Department of USSR SA Transcaucasia Branch was turned into the independent Azerbaijan branch in 1936. Zoology Institute was formed in the Zoological area on March 1, 1936 by the decision of Presidium of the USSR SA Azerbaijan branch. The first director of Institute was appointed professor V.Yelpatyevski (1936-1938). B.s.c. A.Alizada has led the Institute by 1939 till 1950, Azerb. USSR SA academician S.Asadov during 1950-1960, ANAS academician M.Musayev by March, 1960 till 2011 – for half century. Since 2011, the management of the Institute was entrusted to correspondent member of ANAS I. Alakbarova. At first the researches were held on the field of land and water animals departments, entomology, therology, ornithology, arrhythmia and hydrobiology. 14 laboratories, Mingachevir scientific-practical laboratory and Zoology museum acts at present in Institute. Protozoology department includes (academician M.Musayev, 1957; I.Alakbarov, 2011) Protective Laboratory (corr. Member I.Alakbarov, 1988), Laboratory of biochemical bases of parasite-owners relations (corr. Member Y.Yolchuyev, 1985-2007; b.s.c. E.Ahmadov, 2008). Helminthological Laboratory (academician S.Asadov, 1960-1974; corr. member I.Sadigov, 1974-2007; corr.member N.Feyzullayev, 1974-2001; b.s.c. G.H.Fataliyev, 2008), laboratory of waterborne parasites (prof. T.Mikayilov, 1972) acts within Parasitology Department (corr.member I.Sadigov, 2001; b.s.d. T.Mikayilov, 2008).

Entomology Department (corr.member N.Samadov, 1980- 1988; academician S.Aliyev, 1988) consists of Entomology Laboratory (corresponding member N. Samadov, 1960 - 1986, academician S.Aliyev, 1987), Laboratory of Introduction of Useful Rats and Scientific Basis of Biological Combating (I.Aliyev, 1971 - 1998, b.s.d. L.Rzayeva, 1999 - 2006; b.s.d. Z.Mammadov, 2007), Ecology and Physiology Laboratory (Prof. A.Abdinbeyova, 1971-2000, b.s.c..Ahmadov, 2001), Araxnology Laboratory (Prof. A.Hajiyev, 1968 - 1992, b.s.c. Kh.Aliyev, 1993). Therology Laboratory (b.s.c. Kh. Alakbarov, 1970 - 1995; b.s.c. G.guliyev, 1995), Ornithology Laboratory (b.s.c. D.Tuayev, 1971 - 1987, b.s.c. E. Sultanov, 1987), Herpetology Laboratory (b.s.c. T.Aliyev, 1982; b.s.c. S.Ahmadov, 2006) act in the Department of dry vertebrates (b.s.c. I.Rakhmatulina, 1993-2001; prof. N.Ahmadov, 2001-2003; b.s.c. S.Guliyev, 2003). The Department of water animals (corr.member A.Gasimov, 1962-2005) consists of Hydrobiology Laboratory (academician A.Derjavin, 1932-1963; corr.member A.Gasimov, 1963 - 2005, b.s.c. A.Aliyev, 2005) and Ihtyrology Laboratory (reporter Y.Abdurrahmanov, 1962 - 1977, H.Abbasov, 1978 - 1983, b.s.c. D.Rahimov, 1983 - 2002, b.s.c. A.Orujov, 2002 - 2004, b.s.c. Z.Guliyev, 2005). Besides it, Mingachevir scientific-practice laboratory (b.s.c. A.Nabiyev, 1951-1967; b.s.d. H.Abbasov, 1968-1969; b.s.c. P.Malikova, 1969-1974; b.s.c. A.Khalilov, 1974-1992; b.s.c. I.Ahmadov, 1992) and Zoology Museum (b.s.c. A.Khanmammadov, 1971-1986; b.s.c. N.Gandilov, 1986-1995; b.s.c. I.Babayev, 1996) acts in the Institute. It has studied species content of wildlife of Azerbaijan at the result of long-term researches held on 5 main scientific directions; more than 2000 types of freezing and parasite primitive helminths, more than 1500 helminths parasites in humans and animals, more than 400 species of phytohellmint, 290 species of rotators, more than 360 species of crustaceans, about 25,000 species of insects, more than 1200 species of spiders, 181 species of molyusk, 101 species fish, 11 species of water - 54 species of reptiles, 370 species of birds, 113 species of mammals (including 13 species of dwarfs, 33 species of bat, 37 species of rodents, 2 species of rabbits, 19 species of predators, 8 species of herbaceous and 1 species arched) in Zoology Institute. Currently, the 2nd edition of the "Red Book" of Azerbaijan includes 213 species of endangered animals and those that need protection. Among them, there are 4 species of animals belonging to our republic: 1 species of Hasharat (Insecta) class, 1 group of Torganadians (Neuroptera), 5 species from Yarımsurtganady (Hemiptera), Coleoptera, 5 species of Buffaloids (Arthrapoda) There were 16 species of crocodile species, 53 species of Percussion or butterflies (Lepidoptera), and 6 species of Zarganadis (Hymenoptera). 10 species of fish, 6 species of amphibia, 14 species of Reptilia (Reptilia), 61 species of birds (Aves), and 36 species of mammals (Mamalia) are included in the "Red Book" of Azerbaijan. The 3-volume "Animal World of Azerbaijan", which is the product of important research of zoologists, has been published in Russian (1995-2002) and in Azerbaijani (2002-2004). A data bank from the Ibtits to mammals covering the species composition, gene pool, biology and ecology of Azerbaijan's animals was developed and included in the Internet system.

Scientific schools are formed on various fields by the leading scientists in İnstitute. Protozoology scientific school established by scientist M.Musayev is engaged in studying the legality of formation of parasitic, bird flu cell, ecosystems and parasitic relationships of protozoan diseases. Protozoon scientists have discovered coccid fauna of rodents and 80 species of parasites among these animals have been described for science. The existence of these species is supported in the international science world, reflected in published in monographs and articles, and included in international catalogs (USA, Hungary). According to the results of the research, the monograph "Cocciides of rodents in the USSR" was published (M. Musayev, A.Veysov, 1965). There are 125 types of cocci from Eymeria and Isospora, 22 species of rodents in the country. In addition, 18 species of wild mammals (insects, predators) were investigated and 45 coccid species were found to be parasitic. 16 varieties of life, the pathogenicity of 4 species, and variability of oocysts were studied (S.Ismayilov). As a result of carried out ecological-faunistic investigations, the ecological and faunistic studies of wild animals and poultry, sarkosporids, cryptosporides, specificity of ownership, influence of ecological factors on parasitic system, and ways of invasion have been determined (b.s.d. H.Gaibova, b.s.c. F.Aliyeva, b.s.c. Sh.Manafova, b.s.c. M. Mammadova). The problems were widely studied related to the relations among agricultural animals and human toxoplasma (b.s.c. E.Kocharli), domestic animals and birds (b.s.c. N.Zeyniyev). Relations among agricultural animalsn and human toxoplasmas (b.s.c. E.Kocharli), blood parasites of reptiles, fishes and onshore (b.s.c. M. Aliyev, b.s.c. M. Huseynov), parasites in fish (b.s.c.., N. Gandilov) and other problems have been widely studied. Up to 30 practical measures and instructions on diagnostics, prophylaxis and elimination of agricultural animals and poultry eimeriosis have been prepared and presented for production, such as practical results of fundamental researches. A new scientific trend of biochemical, cytokimygy and immunological foundations of "parasite-owner" relationships was created (academician M.Musayev, corr. member Y.Yolchiyev). The proteins, polysaccharides, DNA, RNA, Krebs cycle enzymes have been studied by the cytological researches at the development stages of parasites of eymeria, sarcocist and cryptosporidium species and in the cells of animals (rodents, dogs, cats, cows, sheep, buffalos, chicken family) infected with these parasites and metabolic processes happened in the cell level parasite-ownership system were investigated (b.s.d. H.Gaibova). Many components of the metabolism have comparatively been researched in parasites species Eymeria and Sarcocistis and in their owner home-grown chickens, sheep, and buffalos. The lipids, proteins, amino acids, oxidation-reducing enzymes, aminotransferases, components in the Krebs cycle, deoxyribonuclease, DNA, RNA (Y.Yolchiyev , G.Ibrahimova, A.Surkova, E.Ahmadov, F.Aliyeva), T-and B-lymphocytes (R.Madatov) and the influence of antiemeriosis drugs to them in lymphoid organs have been studied in most internal organs, cysts and oocysts of parasites during eymeriosis and sarcosporidiosis in cellular and molecular levels at the various chickens tissues infected by eymerian. As a result of these studies, some mechanisms for the metabolic breakdown of the metabolism have been substantiated on a molecular basis, with similar and distinctive features of the parasitic-system system, biochemical and immunological indicators, assessing methods of the antioxidants efficacy, cleaner culture of oescium oceans, and the importance of the ameliorated acids and their alkyl derivatives were determined (Y.Yolchiyev). The main scientific and practical provisions of the results were reflected in monographies "Biochemical properties of parasitic relations in poultry coccidiosis"(M. Musayev, Y.Yolchiyev, A.Surkova, G.Ibrahimova, 1977) and "Scientific bases of parasites and fight against poultry in Azerbaijan" (M. Musayev, Y.Yolchiyev). A large number of research works have been carried out in the protozoological school of the academician M.Musayev in the field of parasitic birch cells, as well as in the study of free-standing parishioners. 51 species of primary animal were found in gray soils of the Shirvan, 67-in chestnut and mountain-forest soils, 91- in the rhizosphere of the humid Lankaran subtropical region of the republic, 79- in gray-brown soils with grape groves in Absheron peninsula and the dependence of their spread on biotic and abiotic factors (T. Amiraslanova, R.Ibadov, N.Mirzazade). There are about 900 live birds in the soil, in the sweet waters of Azerbaijan in the Caspian Sea. 1 species and 22 types among infusors more than 450 types found in the Caspian Sea were firstly described by the professor F.Agamaliyev. 35 of the more than 600 lamppost infusors registered in rivers, lakes and stalks, are new to science (A. Aliyev). 5 families, 19 species and 145 species of infusor and porous amputation have been described (I. Alakbarov, N.Snegovaya). In addition to the composition of the free-forming parishes, their ecology, propagation patterns, factors affecting species and number dynamics have been studied and usage methods of the savages as a bioindicator at the assessment of pollution by means oil and petroleum products, heavy metals, insecticides, etc. (I.Alakbarov, E. Asadullayeva, N. Ahmedova). The study of domestic, wild animals and birds' helminth fauna and systematics has began in the 30s of the XX century and the helmintology school was established in our republic (academician S. Asadov, prof. H. Gasimov). As this area develops, its new trends are establishing such as zoological helminthology (academician S. Asadov, correspondent member I. Sadigov), veterinary helmintology (academician Y.Hajiyev), water animals parasites (prof. T.Mikayilov), helminths biology and systematics (corr. member N.Feyzullayev). The parasitism character of more than 300 worm was defined, 2 species of genus and 25 species that are new for science were described in fresh water basins. 371 species of parasites belonging to different classification groups have been identified in the Caspian Sea, 3 of which are described for the first time in science (T. Mikayilov). The morphology, systematics and biology of the major parasites of water animals have been studied, dependence of some animals on environmental factors of parasitic fauna, on ecological changes, on the physiological state of the body, trophic, topical and other interactions with parasites and their pathological effects have been determined (T.Mikayilov, Sh. Ibrahimov). Ecological-zoogeographic analysis of the parasitic fauna of the climated fish in the water basins of the republic has been conducted and theoretically justified, and the formation features of fish parasitic fauna in the newly established Shamkir and Yenikand water basins has been determined in the Caspian Sea, Kura river, Mingachevir hollow, small rivers and lakes. Effects of antihelminthosis medications on ultrasonography and metabolism of fish parasites were studied (A.Nasirov), prophylactic measures against more dangerous parasites were developed and given to farms for application.

The habitat of domestic and wild birds living in Azerbaijan, their distribution on natural zones and vertical gardens, the dependence of the helminth fauna on birds' lifestyle, migration, nutrition, seasons and zoogeographic factors were studied in detail (G. Gasimov, 1956; S.Vahidova, 1978), 1 new chapter, 2 species and 13 species were described, 10 types of life cycle and 5 types of chromosomes were identified (Cyclocoelaidea's trematodes, N.Feyzullayev, 1980). Some taxa of helminths have been inspected, diverge of parasites, "twin species", reasons of survival in trematodes, exposure of sexually transmitted products in helminths and parasites have studied depending on living conditions, a new understanding of parasitism - "mesoparazism" was justified (N. Feyzullayev, O.Feyzullayeva). More than 400 nematodes have been identified in the plants, of which 95 species are pathogenic, causes serious damage to plants (G.Gasimova, Y.Atakishiyeva).

Helmintofauna of mammals, dependence of helminths on ecological landscape zones, natural adherence, dicroseliosis, fasciolia, tailiocinus and biology of intermediate owners "Helmintofauna and its ecological-helminthological analysis of cattle in USSR" (S. Asadov, 1960); "Helminthoses of Absheron-Gobustan semi-desert and Caucasian sheep of Azerbaijan" (Y. Melikov, 1996); the parasitopauna of bacteria, insects, helminthiasis, alveococcosis, trixinelosis and a number of human and domestic helminthias have been discovered and 22 new helminths have been described (S. Asadov, I. Sadigov). 14 types of wild and domestic busters, 17 species of predators, 16 species of rodents, 2 species of rabbits, 10 helminth fibers of dogs, cats and pigs, biology, ecology of some helminthic constituents, ways of spreading helminthias, foreign the effects of ambient factors on parasites on mature and larval phases were studied. parasites iksodid in cattle, rodents, birds, bats, reptiles, qamazid, redbody ticks, agricultural crop pests - tetranixid ticks (69 species), grain products pests - acaroid ticks (47 species) animals ektoparazit fauna (90 species ), useful ticks - phytoseids have been studied by acarology researchs (prof. A.Hajiyev). The acaroid fauna of the republic has been identified as more than 1100 species. 46 of them are firstly described by our scholars. 1937 species belonging to different groups were registered in Azerbaijan. Among them 24 species of scorpion, 73 species of spiders, 6 species and 25 species of mammals, 10 species and 20 species of acariform ticks have firstly been described for science (A.Hajiyev, L.Mularskaya, Z.Mustafayeva, S.Dashdamirov, E. Aliyev, E.Abbasova, V.Zapletina, O.Aslanov, N.Segaova, E.Abdul-laeva). The main results of the research were reflected in many scientific works and monographs ("Caucasian prisoners", 1983; "Ectoparasites and catsuits of vertebrate animals in Azerbaijan", 1988, A.Hajiyev). As a result of entomological investigations, about 25,000 species of insects belonging to 28 groups were registered in Azerbaijan. 120 of them were firstly described for science (A.Abdinbeyova, A. Aliyev, N.Mirzayeva, H.Aliyev, A.Atakishiyeva and others). More than 30 books, scientific and literary works and monographs on fauna and ecology of insects ("Fauna and Biology of insects that damage Azerbaijan's agricultural crops", N.Samedov, 1963, "Cranberries of Transcaucasia", S.Jafarov, 1964, "Lankaran region of Azerbaijan", A.Hagverdiyev, 1967, "Azerbaijan poachers", A.Abdinbeyova, 1975, "The Semitrack of Azerbaijan", J.Hidayatov, 1982; "The Sovets of Azerbaijan", S.Aliyev, 1984; 1988, "Azerbaijan's Dwarves", A.Abdinbeyova, 1995, "Azerbaijan's ixnevmonids", A. Aliyev, 1997; "Azerbaijan's Calligrapher", L.Rzayeva, 2002; "Fruit plants in Azerbaijan parasites of damaging pulp and germs and their use in biological control of plant protection (N. Samadov, L.Bababeyova, Z.Rasulova), species composition of agricultural crops, bioecological features of major species have been studied. The inorganic animals living in the land (the strength and other invertebrates) (N.Samedov, L.Bababeyova, Z.Rasulova), the composition of the complex pests of agricultural plants, the bioecological features of the major species were studied.

About 2500 useful insects were detected in the biological struggle, bioecological features of perspective species, parasitic relationships, owner-acquired degree and the technologic enhancement of Bracon hepatic parasite against cotton wool (b.s.c. A.Aliyev, b.s.c. H.Gurbanov, b.s.c. G.Guliev), Ageniaspis parasite and intravenous transplantation of suntomis and colosome predatory insects against single silkworm were applied in the fight against apple moth (b.s.d. Z.Mammadov). The scientific basis for the mass reproduction of two types of grapevine for use against pests was developed (b.s.c.H.Gurbanov).

Extensive hydrobiological and inventionological investigations have been carried out in the water animals department. Biological characteristics, morphology, ecology and resources of fish, large and small Caucasus, plankton and benthic invertebrates of Hajigabul Lake (A.Alizade), fish species living in the Caspian Sea and Kura were extensively studied (A.Derjavin, Y.Abdurrahmanov, Z.Guliyev, H.Abbasov, D.Rahimov), the increasing methods of the Caspian gold fishes have been developed. The biology of fish in the basins of Azerbaijan and the fish living in the Caspian Sea, ecology and their water basins have been studied, practical proposals have been developed in the field of fish resources (Z.Guliyev, S. Baghirova,A.Aghayarova, H. Asgarova). Invertebrate animals in the Caspian Sea and Azerbaijan's basins and lakes (Sea Fauna: A.Gasimov, F.Aghamaliyev, R. Baghirov, A. Aliyev, F. Badalov, H.Babayev, V.Hasanov, A. Jalilov, G.Mirzoyev), 40 monographs, books on the fish fauna, including "Рыбы пресных вод Азербайджана" of Y.Abdurrahmanov, 1962: A. Aliyev, N. Likhodeyeva, N.Talibov, R.Safarov, R.Aliyev, S.Aliyev and others) (the Azerbaijani sweetwater fish); "Гидрофауна Нижней Куры и Мингечаурского водохранилища " A. Kasymov, 1965 (Hydrophobic of the Lower Kurun and Mingachevir reservoir); “Пресноводная фауна Кавказа” A.Kasimov, 1972 (Sweatwater fauna of Cauvasus) “Биология современного Каспия” A.Kasimov, R.Baghirov, 1983 (Modern Caspian biology), “Биоразнообразия: Нефть и биологические ресурсы Каспийского моря” R.Baghirov, F. Askerov, 2001 (Biodiversity: Biodiversity resources of Oil and Caspian), «Экология планктона Каспийского моря», A. Kasymov, 2004 (Ecology of Caspian Plankton), Biology of Shamkir Water Reservoir; A. Aliyev and others, 1997, "Basin biology of the Kura Lakes", A.Aliyev and others, 2001, "Biology of Kur River Water Reserves", A. Aliyev and S. Baghirova, 2010, "Hydrobiology" textbook, F.Aghamaliyev, A.Aliyev and others, 2010,”Biological Recommendations on Biological Stocks of Azerbaijan's Inland Water Basin, their Improvement and Efficient Use ", Z.Guliyev, A.Aliyev, 2011 and others books were written. The benthic fauna of Mingachevir and Varvara reservoirs (A. Khalilov) and zooplankton (I. Ahmadov) were studied, and the proposals on raising and hunting of fish resources in the lakes and reservoirs of Azerbaijan are accepted by the relevant organizations. The species composition of birds have identified by the complex ornithological investigations in Azerbaijan, their distribution, ecosystems, biology, ecology, etiology and role in biocenosis have been studied (D.Tuayev).The zoogeography, seasonal and daily activities of the sediments, nesting, wintering and migrating birds that form the basis of ornithofauna were studied with the efforts of republican ornithologists, similarities and distinctive features of ornitocomplexes, farming, hunting and industrial importance, biotic connections, chicken breeding techniques and artificial conditions technology of reproduction was developed, measures were taken to protect birds and their habitat (I. Babayev, A. Musayev, R.Huseynov and others). Some results of ornithological researches are presented in the monograph "Azerbaijan Chicken family" (A.Khanmammadov, 1971) and in “The catalog of Azerbaijan birds” (D.Tuayev, 1997). Acoustic signal system of rare and endangered birds (E.Sultanov) and acoustic stimulation pathways were studied, "Biostimulator" devices were installed and applied in poultry (A. Musayev).

The work on the study of wild boar was conducted, recommendations on its hunting regulation were prepared, traces of wildlife and predators were investigated, measures of their numbers and threats to their extinction were prepared, and the transmissive diseases of humans and animals, which seriously damaged the agricultural and forestry, ecology, morphology, spread and dynamics of rodents - rodents have been studied, and complex fights have been prepared against them ("Mammals of South- West Azerbaijan", Kh. Alakbarov, 1966). The importance of bats has been studied in the republic, their density, demographics, migration, ecology and biocenosis (R.Rahmatulina). Rare and endangered herbivorous (roe deer, gazelle, brick, handkerchief, bezoar and rockworm), predators (leopard, lynx) have been thoroughly studied In Azerbaijan and bordering territories (S.Guliyev). According to the zoological surveys of the republic, state reserves and sanctuaries have been created to protect these and other animals (S. Guliyev).

The extensive research on embryology, cytogenetics and morphology of domestic and wild animals has been conducted in the Institute of Zoology (N.Ahmadov, G.Guliyev, B. Aliyev, A.Ismayilov, M.Najafov, A.Karimova, V.Suleymanov, C.Najafov). The kariotype of many species of mammals (pairs, bats, rodents) was studied by kariology and cytogenetics methods (M.Fattayev, T. Mammadov), the status of some species and evolutionary variables were determined based on the study of chromosomal sets, heterochromatin blocks and tandem translocations in three large groups of rodents (G.Guliyev, N.Gasimova, E. Mammadrzayeva). The species composition of amphibians and reptiles have been specified, the main spatial areas, various parameters of biology and ecology have been studied, natural resources of poisonous snakes (T.Aliyev, S.Ahmadov), chemical composition and pharmacological properties of the liliac’s poison have been studied (Sh.Topchiyeva), an incubator allowing incubation of the liliac egg in artificial conditions was created (T. Isgandarov). The Laboratory collections of Zoology Institute contain over 700 species of parasitic and parasitic preparations, 1400 species of helminths in humans, animals and plants, 3109 species of water invertebrates, over 1 million specimens of over 20,000 dry invertebrates, 43 species of fish, 13 species of amphibians, 40 species of reptile, 382 species of birds, 84 species of mammals, fossilized exhibits, organs, skeletons, etc. samples. At the same time, the animal samples of the USSR and other countries are kept in the collection funds. The collection of materials is protected and enriched as a biodiversity fund of Azerbaijan's animal kingdom, comparable morphological and taxonomic studies are conducted on them. There are 450 species of spinal cord, 625 species of cats, skeletons, wet and dry preparations of 625 species of vertebrate in the zoological museum (1971). Each year, more than 5-6,000 local people and foreign visitors visit the museum. The importance of animals in nature and in people's lives is promoted, and information on comparative morphological studies is given. Currently there are 1 academician (S.Aliyev), one correspondent member (I.Alakbarov), 11 doctors of sciences and 73 candidates of sciences at the Institute of Zoology. More than 160 monographs, books and collections have been published on zoological, veterinary and animal health zoology of animals, biology, ecology, systematics, economic importance, protection, reproduction technologies, parasitic diseases. The scientists of the Institute of Zoology cooperates with Russia's EA Zoology, Cytology, Ecology and Evolution Problems, Ecology of Mountain Districts, University of Texas Fuzhou, University of Texas and California, Turku University of Finland, Middle East Technical University of Turkey, German Dresden Museum, Georgia Institute of Zoology and the joint research has been carried out at the expense of more than 20 international grants. The Republican Coordination Problem Council has been extensively involved in scientific research. The Institute's perspective plans include investigating the biodiversity of the animal kingdom, the study of poorly-researched animal groups, the identification of systematics and taxonomy of some suspect breeds and species, biology and ecology of rare and endangered species of economic significance full investigation; it is intended to develop the reproduction technology and to prepare suggestions for application of animals useful from biological and economically point of view to production related to other relevant problems.