1471 Archive


Fauna, restoration and protection of terrestrial vertebrates of Karabakh

The study of animals in Azerbaijan has begun about 240 years ago with the research of foreign researchers. From the beginning of the research until recent years, a number of species (150 species for mammals) have been studied for the territory of Azerbaijan. Some species have been removed from the fauna of Azerbaijan and a number of new species have been included in our fauna.

The territory of Karabakh located in the south-eastern part of the Lesser Caucasus embraces Jabrayil, Fuzuli, Khojavend, Aghdam, Khojaly, Tartar, Shusha, Khankendi, Zangilan, Gubadli, Lachin, Kalbajar and other districts. The relief is mostly mountainous. Karabakh is located in the Lesser Caucasus region. This includes Karabakh, volcanic and Hakari regions of Karabakh. The highest peak of the Lesser Caucasus (3724 m) is Mount Gamish. The territory of Karabakh includes dry-steppe, arid-forest, mountain-forest and rocky landscapes. Just as the nature of Karabakh is colorful, the fauna is also diverse. Species of terrestrial vertebrates, including amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, are widespread.

Aladdin EYVAZOV, Acting Director of the Institute of Zoology of ANAS, PhD in Agrarian Sciences, Associate Professor