Giyas Naghi oglu Guliyev
Acting as a Head of Dry Invertebrate Laboratory
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Place of Birth: The Republic of Azerbaijan, Neftchala r-nu, Ashaghi Gramanli village
  Date of Birth: 14.03.1947
  Higher Educational Institute: Baku State University
  Scientific Degree: Doctor of biological sciences
  Scientific rank: Senior scientific worker
  Title of PhD dissertation:  
Specialty Code: 2401.01
Name of Specialty: Zoology
Title of the Topic:

"PhD-Comparative karyology of rural mice belonging to Microtinae subspecies (cytotoxonomy and evolution)"

  Title of PhD Dissertation:  
Specialty Code: 2401.01
Name of Specialty: Zoology
Title of the Topic: "PD - Evolutionary aspect of rodents' karyology spreading in Azerbaijan"
  Total Number of Printed Works:  
Number of Scientific Works Printed Abroad:  
Number of Articles Published in International Journalized Referendums and Indexed Magazines:  
  Number of Authorship Certificates and Patents:  
  Staff Training:  
Number of PhD Doctors: 2
  Main Scientific Achievements:

Chromosome harvesting of 27 species of rodents (Rodentia group) has been explored in Azerbaijan. The spreading and systematics of rodents have been inspected and new species have been recorded in the genus of Mus, Sylvaemus and Microtus. Mus macedonicus species sympatrotic spreading to Mus domesticus in Europe, except Mus musculus; Sylvaemus species - 4 species (S. uralensis, S. ponticus, S. fulvipectus, S. hyrcanicus), and M. typealovnikovi, M. daqestanicus and M. majori species in the Terricola subspecies of the Microtus type have been recorded in other species.

Main activities:

Study of various species of rare, endangered and economic significance of reptiles, birds and mammals of rare, endangered and economic significance in Azerbaijan, their biological (morphological, cytogenetic, ethological, etc.) and ecological features, number, factors affecting these species, artificial reproduction, restoration of historical sites, preservation of gene pool, effective conservation and ecological education of the population.

Main scientific results:

Teriology section

The study of mammals in Azerbaijan began 240 years ago. The researches were mainly conducted by foreign scientists such as Guldenschtadt (1770), S.Gilmin, E.Menetrie (1832), F.Hohenaker (1837), F.Colenat (1858), F.F.Filippo (1875), K. Kessler (1878), Q.Radde (1886, 1895, 1899), K.Satunin (1912, 1915, 1920). Kh.M. Alakbarov conducted researches on mammals in south-western republic in the 50-60s of the last century. He has recorded 61 species of mammals in this area and has studied the number of species in different habitat, the ecological character of many species, and the predictions of future changes in the teriofauna under the influence of anthropogenic factors. The results of these researches were summarized in the 1966 monograph "Млекопитающие юго-западного Азербайджана".

It should be noted that the species belonging to Insectivora have been studied (Сатунин 1915, 1920: Огнев 1928, Верещагин 1942, 1959, Х.М.Алекперов 1966, Соколов, Тембетов 1989) in the 19th and 20th centuries. A.G.Goshunaliyev (Soricidae) included into this family in the Azerbaijan 2 species: Erinaceus roumanicus Barret-Hamilton, 1990, Crosidura caspica Thomas. H.A. Hasanov added 3 new species of insectivores (Erinaceus roumanicus, Suncus etruscus and Crocidura leucodon) in the list of the Absheron-Gobustan teriofauna. In Azerbaijan 13 species of insectivores belonging to 3 families and 7 genera have been detected.

Since 1960s, Irina Rahmatulina conducted special investigations of bats (Chiroptera). She has inspected cryptic species during her perennial researches desert landscapes and summarized the results in her monograph "Рукокрылие Азербайджана (фауна, экология, зоогеография, 2005)". She added  in fauna of Azerbaijan 5 new bat species (Myotis brandtii Eversman, 1845, M. daubentonii Kuhl, 1817, M. alchatoe von Helverson & Heller, M. aurascens Kuzjakin, 1935, M. nipalensis Dobson, 1871). According to her updated data 30 species of bats of 4 families and 18 genera live in modern fauna.

Most of the teriologists of the Institute are engaged in research in the field of rodents (Rodentia), the largest group of mammals. Since the 60s of the 20th century, Kh.M.Alakbarov, Sh.Aliyeva, S.Yerofeyeva, Y. Eigelis, G.Guliyev, N.Gasimova, R. Najafova, E. Mammadrzayeva, E.Askerov have been involved in multilevel (ecological, morphological, morphometric, morpho-physiologic, cytogenetic) study of quantity and species composition of rodents in different landscapes and provinces of the republic on the population level. As a result of

the application of cytogenetic methods by G. Guliyev, the role of chromosomes mutations in the sequencing processes in separate groups of the rodent group (Murinae, Gerbilinae, Microtinae and others) was studied and the cladogram was based on it. Sciurus vulgaris, Mus abbotti Waterhouse, 1837, Sylvaemus uralensis Pallas, 1811, S.fulvipectus Ognev, 1924, S. hyrcanicus Vorontsov, Boyeskorov et Mezhzherin were studied using the complex methods, including the differential coloring methods of chromosomes (C, G, and AgNOR) 1912, S.ponticus Sviridenko, 1936, S.uralensis, Microtus (Terricola) dagestanicus Schidlovsky, 1919, M. (T.) Theory Schidlovsky, 1938) and were included in the systematics. A number of species (Apodemus sylvaticus and A.flavisollis) have been systematically removed because they are not spread in Azerbaijan. There are 37 species of rodents belong in 19 genera and 7 families in Azerbaijan at present.Special research work was carried out in the group (Artidactula) (mainly on the wild boar) (M.Safarov) in 1955-1963.  Since 1972, S.Guliyev has discovered 3 laws in the study of iological and ecological features of 8 wild-beef animals in Azerbaijan: 1. Changes in populations and depression % of people depending on the size of the elderly. 2. Changes in populations and depression % of people depending on the size of the individual. 3. Determination of the disturbing factors and the level of protection affecting the population in the areas of Protected Areas (Specially Protected Natural Areas) by size of flocks.

Hybridization of the three species included in the Sylvaemus genus (S. uralensis, S. fulvipectus, S. ponticus) has led to absolute negative results. No hybrid generation was inherited in any of the cross-breeding options. Neoprenous generations without viable have been obtained during the cross-breeding of the two major cariotype variants of the  Great and Lesser Caucasian species of Microtus obscurus (E.T.Mammadrzayeva).

Predators are considered least learning areas of teriofauna in the republic. Some information about their taxonomic status, dissemination, number, and ecology has been given by D.Hajiyev in Section 3 of the "Animal World of Azerbaijan (2000, 2004)". Laboratory researchers have been conducting special research to study the number of bears, otters, striped hyena, leopards and their ecological status in recent years. Using photographic traps in Zangezur (Nakhchivan) section of the Lesser Caucasus, he obtained a photo and video footage of the leopard during his field observations (E.K.Askarov).

The measures have been taken to reintroduce gazelles with the participation of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation and the World Wildlife Fund. 200 individual of gazelles has been relocated from Shirvan National Park to their historical sites. Head of government I.Aliyev, the head of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation Mehriban Aliyeva, the Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources took part at the opening ceremony of the process.

S.M. Guliyev (Guliyev 2015) comparatively studied the structure and composition of populations of rodents in the different physical geographical regions of Azerbaijan, age and gender groups in relation to seasons. For each species food rations and settled areas were identified. Residences of wild pigs (Sus scrofa L., 1758) diminished by 65-70% as a result of anthropogenic impacts in the last 70-75 years, living areas of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus L., 1758) diminished by 50-55% over 70 years as a result of human settlements. Wild landscapes where lived Caucasian noble deer (Cervus elaphus L., 1758) have become agrocenosis. Areas spread by gazelle (Gazella subgutturoza Guld., 1780) has diminished in Azerbaijan by 85-90%. Biological and ecological features (scientific-methodological measures and recommendations on conservation, enhancement, future sustainable and rational use of wildlife) of 6 species of wild paridigitate mammals (Artiodactyla) in Azerbaijan were studied.

There are currently more than of 110 mammals species in the theriofauna of Azerbaijan (Pахматулина, Г.Кулиев 2011, Рахматулина 2013). According to recent data, 114 species of mammals were spread in Azerbaijan.

Section of Ornithology

The main gathering place for water-marsh birds has been identified and mapped.

The ornithological significance of the Kursangi Lake and Yenikend Subasar has been revealed for the first time.

Modern conditions of 65 species of birds in Lankaran natural region and 76 species of birds on the Caspian coasts of Azerbaijan have been identified and scientific basis for their protection has been developed.

The scientific data on 24 species of birds have been accepted and approved for inclusion in the CITES convention.

30 species of birds have been identified to include them in the Red Book of Azerbaijan, and information on them has been recommended for the 2nd edition (2013) of the book.

The results of the researches of the laboratory staff were used in the composition of the National Atlas of Azerbaijan.

The results of the researches of the laboratory staff were used in the composition of the National Atlas of Azerbaijan.

The Red Data Book on the Red Book of Azerbaijan and the Red List of the International Nature Conservation Union has been developed and presented to the Ministry of  Environment and Natural Resources in artificial conditions.

Beached bearded, placental white, white and black placenta in Azerbaijan, biological, ethological features, limit factors have been studied, methods of artificial feeding for sustainable development in nature have been developed and applied in the territory of Turyanchay, Korchay State Natural Reserve.

The "Biotechnical Signal Complex" that regulates the behavior of chickens grown indoors in the poultry industry, the "Broiler radio-electronic stimulator", the automatic "Diapason  Device" that determines the sex of a day's dwarf, and "Sinxritemp" radio-electronic stimulator has been developed, which ensures synchronous hatching of chickens in incubation.

The following patents have been adopted:

"Method of increasing the productivity of birds grown in closed conditions". İ 2007 0031.

"Method of raising sexually active chickens grown in closed conditions". A20090116.

Section of Herpetology

The scientific basis for the production of the poison of Transcaucasian blunt-nosed viper has been identified for the sustainable use of the natural reserve.

The stage of embryonic diapause was discovered and this event was evaluated as a reproductive adaptation in the evolutionary process to maintain the stability of the species.

The scientific data on the modern ecological status of the Caucasian and Talish frogs have been presented to the International Nature Conservation Society (IUCN), according to which IUCN expert Phil Bowles has identified international protection status of these species, and the IUCN Red List (VU-Vulnerable, A2bce, IUCN-version 3.1).

Employees of the Laboratory reported 6 species of amphibians and 9 species of reptiles included in the II edition of the Red Book of Azerbaijan Fauna, and information on 14 lizards and snakes. This publication includes a new species of amphibians (Bufo eichwaldi), 4 species of reptiles: Ablepharus pannonicus, Zamenis persicus, Zamenis hohenackeri, Elaphe sauromates.

According to the results of the genetic and biochemical analyzes carried out by foreign scientists of the Caucasian toad in the Lenkaran natural region in recent years, this frog has been identified as a new species - Talish frog, and thus there are 11 species of amphibians in Azerbaijan.

It has been discovered that the number and areal of Karelin's triton is dramatically reduced due to the anthropogenic factors, and their new spatial areas (Gurunba, Haftoni villages and Hirkan settlement of the Lenkoran district) were identified.

New areas of the Syrian spade-footed frog (found near the Gamishlik station in Astara region, Fishermen settlement) were found.

The Caucasian frog has been discovered near the Mazhikh, Katex and Qabizdara villages, and in the territory of the Zagatala Reservoir its tadpols were found.

New scattered areas have been found in the Lerik region of ruins agama. It has been determined a new location of the striped lizard at the altitudes of 1900-2200 m above sea level, and the lizard Phrynocephalus helioscopus for the first time in the last hundred years has been spread in Zuvand.

The new habitat and ecological features of the lizard Zamenis hohenackeri hohenackeri Str., 1873, and the bioecological features of the skink Ablepharus bivittatus Menet 1832, the geographical variability of the skink Ablepharus pannonicus Licht 1823, morphometric and bioecological features of the meadow lizard Lacerta praticola properties have been researched.

The influence of anthropogenic factors on age structure of the Transcaucasian blunt-nosed viper (Macrovipera lebetina obtuza Dw, .1832), adaptation characteristics of this species reproductive activity (embryonic diaphoresis), the current state of reptiles in arid and semiarid ecosystems of rare amphibian species Bufo verrucosissumus Pall., 1814 and Pelodytes caucasicus Boul., 1896 in northwestern part of Azerbaijan.

   Names of Scientific Works:

► "1.Саблина О.В., Раджабли С.И., Мейер М.Н., Маликов В.Г., Кулиев Г.Н. Karioloji məlumatlar əsasında Chionomys (Rodentia, Microtinae) cinsinə daxil olan çöl siçanlarının sistematik vəziyyəti // Зоологический журнал Академии Наук, том LXVII, выпуск 3, Москва: издательство наука, 1988, c. 472-475.

 

► Gias N. Kuliev and John W. Bickham. Azərbaycan ərazisində yayılmış dörd gəmirici növünün kariotipi (Muridae: Arvicolinae) // General Notes, Texas J. Sci. 55 (3), USA, 2003, p. 271-277. http://www. freepatententsonline. Com / article /Texas-Journal Science/108912118.html.

 

► Gias N. Kuliev and John.W. Bickham. Azərbaycanda yayılmış Kol çölsiçanlarının karioloji qohumluğu və Biomüxtəlifliyi: Böyük və Kiçik Qafqaz Dağlarında yayılmış növlərin differensasiyası // Texas Tech University. Natural Science Research Laboratory. Occasional papers, Museum of Texas Tech University. № 291. 21 april 2010, p. 1-14. . http: // www. nsrl. ttu. Edu / publications / opapers / ops / OP 291. pdf.

 

► Попытка гибридизации трех видов лесных мышей (Sylvaemus uralensis, S. fulvipipectus, S. ponticus) различных географических популяций обыкновенной полевки (Microtus arvalis) Азербайджана. Вестник Харьковского Университетета, серия «Биология», 2012 г., в. 15 (№1008), с. 129-135.

 

► IMPACT OF TROPHIC CONDITIONS ON BIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF GRIFFON VULTURES IN AZERBAIJAN. XIII международная научно-практическая конференция. Научная публикация «Современные концепции научных исследований» Россия. Москва 29-30 апреля 2015."

  Membership of Republican, International and Foreign Countries’ Scientific Institutions:  
  Pedagogical Activity: 28 years
  Other Activity:  
  Rewards and Awards:

► 2005-ci ildə AMEA-nın 60 illiyi ilə əlaqədar olaraq AMEA-nın Fəxri fərmanı.

 

► Meждународный Научный фонд Джоджа Сороса Диплом победител Конкурса 1993-1994 гг.

 

► Всеукраiньска Грамодьскаорганiзацiя «украiнське товариство генетикiв i селекцiнерiв им.Вавилова» Дiплом нагороджусться. 23.09.2014.

 

► Евроазийский союз ученых-EURASIAN UNION OF SCIENTISTS СЕРТИФИКАТ

 

ХIII Международная научно-практическая конференция. «Современная концепции научных исследований» IMPAKT OF TROPHIC CONDITIONS ON BIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF GRIFFON VULTURES IN AZERBAIJAN

  Main Place of Work and Title: AZ1073, Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku city, str. A.Abasov, 1128 back street, 504 block
  Title: Acting as a Head of Dry Invertebrate Laboratory
  Telephone:

Work phone: (+994 12) 5397371

Mobil phone: (+994 50) 362 10 12

Home phone: (+994 12) 530 13 18

Fax: (+994 12) 539 73 53
  Electron Mail: • giyas@zoology.science.az
• qiyas_q@mail.ru